In this article, we will develop a Soil Moisture Data Retrieval system using Tuya Link SDK, Tuya Smart Android App, Python and Arduino IDE. A Moisture sensor is connected to the ESP32 board to implement this application.
The moisture data will be logged in a .csv file and also displayed on the Tuya Smart App. This can prove very useful for home plantations, floriculture, horticulture, agriculture etc. where optimum soil moisture needs to be maintained for proper growth of plants.
- ESP32 board
- Soil Moisture Sensor
- Micro-USB cable and connecting wires
- A Tuya Account
- Tuya IoT Platform (Web)
- Tuya Smart Application (Android)
- Python 3.x
- Arduino IDE
GitHub Link: https://github.com/JayeshRajam/Tuya-sensorapp
Hardware Connections for Tuya Link SDK
Connections are pretty simple. The Pin 32 of the ESP32 board receives the Analog Signal from the moisture sensor. Connect the Vcc and GND of the ESP32 board and the Moisture Sensor.
If you have a moisture sensor like this, connections are the same but some extra jumper cables might be needed.
Tuya Link SDK Application Setup
First of all, create an account on Tuya Platform.
Install tuyaos-link-sdk in Python.
|git clone https://github.com/tuya/tuyaos-link-sdk-python.git
python -m pip install ./tuyaos-link-sdk-python
Tuya IoT Platform(Web)
Once logged in, create a new product (follow this simple tutorial as a getting started guide on Tuya) to get the following screen.
Now add the following functions by clicking the ‘Add’ button with the following attributes.
Next, complete the UI Studio Design. The UI Design should look like this. Test and Release it to resolve any errors.
Note: To refresh the Tuya server, the switch button is provided and every toggle of the button will register the current moisture reading in the MS.csv file.
Open the sensorapp.py file from the GitHub repo in the editor. Edit and change the productid, uuid, authkey (obtained by license generation for Link SDK) and the COM port of your connected ESP32 device in the file. Save this edited file, for the output section of this article.
Tuya Smart Application (Android)
After installing and setting up the Tuya Smart App, just click the scanner button to scan the QR code generated by the sensorapp.py file.
Now the MoistureApp will be added to the All Devices section of the Tuya Smart App.
Arduino IDE for Configuring Tuya Link SDK
The Arduino IDE Program in the GitHub repo sends the moisture reading received from the moisture sensor by the ESP32 board to the python program via the serial port. Simply add your ESP32 board in Arduino IDE, compile and flash the sensorapp.ino program.
Adjust the percentage value in the code to suit the sensor configuration.
Board Manager URL: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/espressif/arduino-esp32/gh-pages/package_esp32_dev_index.json
Run the ledapp.py file using the command
MS.csv file content (Timestamp, Soil Moisture Reading)
Jayesh Rajam is a tech enthusiast who loves to design and test various circuits. Amazed by the development and miniaturization in the IoT field, he wishes to bring efficacy to the design and development of tech projects. He has hands-on experience with various Simulation and Design Software. He also plays and learns Indian Classical music and do some Content creation in his free time.